Cannabis plants (including marijuana and hemp) have for a long time been used for medicinal purposes. The use of cannabis can be traced back to ancient China, ancient Egypt, and many other civilizations throughout the world. Today, cannabis plants have a range of uses including the making of paper, clothes, beauty creams, and recreational use.
Components of Cannabis- Cannabinoids
Different cannabis plants contain different levels of phytocannabinoids and fatty acids. Phytocannabinoids are plant-based cannabinoids, which are a group of molecules with similar properties that interact with the endocannabinoid system of the human body.
Two of the most common cannabinoids found in cannabis sativa (a cannabis species) are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Of these, CBD yields medicinal properties pertaining to skin care and inflammation while it is non-psychoactive.
Topical Use of CBD
Many benefits of CBD come from its ingestion, where it metabolizes and reaches various parts of the body. But topical use of CBD is also common, where it can serve as a mild anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Because of this, CBD oil is beneficial as a topical solution for arthritic pain, dry/itchy skin, and even eczema.
CBD oil is rich in polyunsaturated fats and antioxidants. This includes omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and antioxidants like vitamin C, D, and E- all which contribute to healthier skin. For this reason, CBD oil use is common in beauty products as a rejuvenating agent.
Why is it an Anti-inflammatory?
The endocannabinoid system consists of a variety of cannabinoid receptors throughout the human body including the central and peripheral nervous systems. CB1 and CB2 receptors are the most known receptors, with CB1 being the most abundant in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and CB2 in immune cells.
The stimulation of the CB2 receptor mediates the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD. This is because inflammation is an immune response.
CBD in Massage
When combined with massage therapy, CBD oil can enhance pain alleviation and relaxation. Also, the many antioxidants and fatty acids in the oil will rejuvenate, hydrate, and protect the skin against microbial infections. It is likely that skin texture will also improve and relieve skin problems such as dry skin, acne, eczema, and uneven skin tone.
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